Friday, December 28, 2012

The little Princess of The King Father - Janabe Sakina (s.a.) The Little Angel of Imam Husain (a.s.)

Sukaina (Arabic: سكينة "Calmness, Peace of Mind")

Bibi Sakina (s.a.) was the youngest daughter of Imam Husain (a.s.). She was a vivacious child, full of love and happiness. Everyone loved Sakina (s.a.). She was also a very religious girl. She enjoyed reading the Holy Quraan and never missed her prayers. From the age of two she took great care to make sure that her head and face were properly covered when in public.

Sakina (s.a.) was Imam Husain (a.s.)'s most beloved child. Our Imam was often heard to say, “A house without Sakina (s.a.) would not be worth living in!” She always had a sweet and cheerful smile and a very friendly nature. Other children sought her company as much as the grown ups did. She was very generous and always shared whatever she had with others.

There was a special bond between Hazrat Abbas and Sakina (s.a.). He loved her more than he did his own children. If Sakina (s.a.) requested for anything, Abbas would not rest until he satisfied her request. There was nothing that Abbas would not do to make Sakina (s.a.) happy.

During the journey from Madina to Mecca and then Mecca to Karbala’, Abbas was often seen riding up to the mehmil in which Sakina (s.a.) sat to make sure that she had everything she wanted. Sakina (s.a.) loved her uncle just as much. While in Madina she would, several times a day, visit the house in which Hazrat Abbas lived with his family and his mother, Ummul Baneen.

Like any other four-five year old when Sakina (s.a.) went to bed at night she wanted to spend some time with her father. Imam Husain (a.s.) would tell her stories of the prophets and of the battles fought by her grand-father Ali. She would rest her head on her father's chest and Husain (a.s.) would not move from her until she fell asleep. When from the second of Muharram the armies of Yazid began to gather at Karbala’, Husain (a.s.) said to his sister Zainab (s.a.), “The time has come for you to get Sakina (s.a.) used to going to sleep without my being there!” Sakina (s.a.) would follow her father at night and Husain (a.s.) had to gently take her to Zainab (s.a.) or Rubaab.

Bibi Sakina (s.a.) the youngest daughter of Imam Husain (a.s.)

At Karbala’ when from the seventh Muharram water became scarce Sakina (s.a.) shared whatever little water she had with other children. When soon there was no water at all, the thirsty children would look at Sakina (s.a.) hopefully, and because she could not help them she would have tears in her eyes. Sakina (s.a.)'s lips were parched with thirst.

On the Ashura day, she gave her Mashk to Hazrat Abbas. He went to get water for her. The children gathered round Sakina (s.a.) with their little cups, knowing that as soon as Hazrat Abbas brought any water, Sakina (s.a.) would first make sure that they had some before taking any herself. When Sakina (s.a.) saw Imam Husain (a.s.) bringing the blood drenched 'alam she knew that her uncle Abbas had been killed. From that day on Sakina (s.a.) never complained of thirst.

Imam e Zamana (atfs) in Ziarat e Nahiya; "Peace be upon the lips. that were parched due to thirst." "Salaam Ho Murjhaye Hue Honto'n par"

Then came the time when the earth shook and Sakina (s.a.) became an orphan! Sakina (s.a.) never again asked anyone for water. Bibi Zainab (s.a.) would persuade her to take a few sips, but she herself would never ask for water or complain of thirst.

On the way to Shaam, Once Bibi Zainab (s.a.) looked at the camel on which Sakina (s.a.) was riding. Sakina (s.a.) was not there! She looked at all the other camels, Sakina (s.a.) was nowhere to be seen. She panicked. Where could Imaam Husain (a.s.)'s darling daughter be? She asked Shimr (l.a.) to untie her to that she could go and look for Sakina (s.a.). At first Shimr (l.a.) responded with his whip. Unmindful of her own pain she kept on begging

Shimr (l.a.) untied her with the warning that if she did not return soon he would flog Imaam Zain ul ‘Abideen (a.s.) to death. Bibi Zainab (s.a.) ran in the direction from which they had travelled. Some distance away she saw an elderly lady holding Sakina (s.a.) affectionately, kissing her cheeks and wiping away her tears. She could hear Sakina (s.a.) telling the lady how her uncle Abbas had gone to fetch her water and how he had never returned. When Sakina (s.a.) saw her aunt she explained that she had fallen off the camel but the kind lady had looked after her. Bibi Zainab (s.a.) turned to the lady and said, “May Allah reward you for your kindness to this orphan!” The lady replied, “Zainab (s.a.), my dear, how can you thank your own mother? Do you not recognize me?” As the lady lifted her face, Bibi Zainab (s.a.) saw that it was Fatimah Zahra!

In the prison in Shaam she would stare at the flock of birds flying to their nests at sunset and innocently ask Bibi Zainab (s.a.), “Will Sakina (s.a.) be going home like those birds flying to their homes?”

Then one dreadful night Sakina (s.a.) went to bed on the cold floor of the prison. For a long time she stared into the darkness! The time for the morning prayers came. Sakina (s.a.) was still lying with her eyes wide open. Her mother called out: “Wake up, Sakina (s.a.)! Wake up, it is time for prayers, my child!” There was only the painful silence! Our fourth Imaam walked up to where Sakina (s.a.) lay. He put his hand on her forehead. It was cold! He put his hand near the mouth and the nose. Sakina (s.a.) had stopped breathing. In between sobs Imaam Zain ul ‘Abideen (a.s.) said: “inna lil-Lahi wa inna ilay-hi raja’uun.”

Salam on you, who is buried far from home.
Salam on you, who never made it out of that desolate dungeon.
Salam on you, young Hashemite Princess (A.S).
Salam on you, Bibi Sakina-bint-Al Hussain (A.S)...

Friday, December 21, 2012


The Youngest Martyr of Karbala Steps into the Battle field... 

The Knight Of AshuraOn The Land Of Karbala 

After sacrificing his 18 year old son Ali Akbar, Imam Husain (a.s.) looked up at the sky and said:


He remained patient after seeing so many dead in one day.

Allah's will was Husain's command. Husain (a.s.) was prepared and willing to sacrifice his family. He never prayed to Allah to save his family.


By Asr time Husain (a.s.) was left alone.

The time had come for Husain (a.s.) to go to the battlefield. Husain (a.s.) said KHUDA HAFIZ to everyone.

Husain (a.s.), with his sword ZULFIQUAR on his waist, mounted ZULJANA, his horse.

Husain (a.s.) rode his horse to a small mount, he then called out loudly:


With this call, the grandson of the Holy Prophet, was giving one last chance to Yazid's men, the men who called themselves Muslims - the followers of the Holy Prophet.

No one answered Husain's last call. But Husain (a.s.) heard the sound of crying coming from his camp.

Husain (a.s.) turned around and returned to his tents.

"Zainab, your brother is still alive. Why are you crying?"

"My brother Husain (a.s.), when you called out, "IS THERE ANYONE TO HELP ME", Ali Asghar fell from his cradle."

Husain (a.s.) knew what Ali Asghar was trying to say. Husain (a.s.) went to Umme Rubab (s.a.). Ali Asghar was on her lap. He was crying and Umme Rubab was trying to comfort him. Husain (a.s.) picked up baby Ali Asghar and whispered in his ear. Ali Asghar stopped crying. He looked up at his father and smiled. 

"Umme Rubab, I am taking Ali Asghar to the battlefield with me so that I can get some water for him."

What did Husain (a.s.) whisper in Ali Asghar's ear? What made Ali Asghar stop crying, and to smile? Husain (a.s.) had whispered:

"My son, Ali Asghar, do you want to come to the battlefield with me? Asghar, do you want to show your strength on the battlefield? Come, let us go, my little Mujaheed, my little soldier, Asghar."

Umme Rubab changed Ali Asghar's clothes.

Imam Husain (a.s.) carried Ali Asghar to the battlefield. It was very hot. Ali Asghar was thirsty. Husain (a.s.) covered baby Ali Asghar with his abaa, to protect him from the scorching sun.

Yazid (l.a.)'s men saw Husain (a.s.) approaching with something in his hand.

"Look, Husain (a.s.) is coming with the Quran. He has no one left to help him. With the help of the Quran he is hoping to win."

Husain (a.s.) walked to Yazid's soldiers. By moving his abaa he uncovered Ali Asghar.

He held Ali Asghar high with both his hands and said:

"O soldiers of Yazid, you feel I have offended you, but what has this little child done to you? His mother's milk has dried up. He has not had a drop of water for three days. He is dying of thirst. I beg you to give water to this innocent little child."

Not one of Yazid's soldiers brought any water for Ali Asghar.

Once more Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

“Maybe you think that when you bring water for this child, I will drink it too. I will put this little child on the ground. You can come and give him water yourself."

Husain (a.s.) placed Ali Asghar on the burning sand of Kerbala.

Ali Asghar lay quietly on the hot sand of Kerbala. His turned his head and stared at Yazid's men.

No water came for Ali Asghar.

Husain (a.s.) picked up Ali Asghar and said:

"My son Ali Asghar, my darling, you are too young to fight with a sword or a spear. My little Mujaheed, my little soldier, you are a grandson of Ali. Ali Asghar, fight your Jehad with your tongue."

Little Asghar stuck his dry tongue out and moved it over his dry lips looking towards Yazid's men. He fought Jehad with his tongue.

The little soldier shot a strange arrow - his dry tongue.

It hit the hearts of Yazid's soldiers who had children of their own. They became restless. Some started crying.

They spoke amongst themselves:

"Husain (a.s.) is saying the truth. What has this child done to us? Why is he punished like this? Let us give him some water."

Umar Saad got worried that his soldiers will turn against him.

The little soldier's fight was very effective. Little Ali Asghar was fighting Jehad his way.

Umar Saad ordered his best archer:

"Hurmullah! What are you waiting for? Silence the little child! Don't you know he is a grandson of Ali? Hurry, shoot your arrow, before it is too late."

Hurmullah aimed an arrow at Ali Asghar. A small arrow for a little child? No! An arrow not with one head, not with two heads, but with three sharp heads.

Why? Why an arrow with three heads for such a small child?

My fellow Husaini! You will not be able to stop crying when you hear what happened next.

An arrow with three sharp heads flew across the desert of Kerbala. It was heading for Ali Asghar. Husain (a.s.) saw the arrow coming. He covered Ali Asghar with his arms.

The arrow reached Husain (a.s.).

The arrow went through Husain's arm and lodged in the tiny neck of Ali Asghar.

Ali Asghar died instantly.

Allaho Akber! Allaho Akber!

Poor Husain (a.s.), the poor father, who came to get water for his little child.

Instead of water, Ali Asghar got an arrow in his neck.

What shall Husain (a.s.) do now? What shall Husain (a.s.) do now?

Husain (a.s.) gently pulled the arrow from Ali Asghar's tiny neck.

My fellow Husaini, put your hand on your heart and imagine the scene - a father removing an arrow from his child's neck. What a tragic scene!

Blood gushed out from Ali Asghar's neck.

A voice came from the ground:

"No, Husain (a.s.), do not let Ali Asghar's blood fall to the ground, otherwise no crops will ever grow from this earth." Husain (a.s.) looked up at the sky.”

A voice came from the sky:

"No Husain (a.s.), do not let the blood gush towards the sky, otherwise, no drop of rain will ever fall from this sky."

What shall Husain (a.s.) do now? What shall Husain (a.s.) do now?

The sky is refusing, the earth is not happy to accept Asghar's blood.

Poor Husain (a.s.) wiped Ali Asghar's blood on his face.

Husain (a.s.) started walking towards his tents.

He saw Ali Asghar's mother - Umme Rubab - standing by his tent. A mother anxiously waiting for her baby.

Husain (a.s.) thought:

"How can I face Umme Rubab? What shall I tell her? How can I tell her that her baby has been martyred without water? How? How?"

SEVEN TIMES, Husain (a.s.) went forward and then turned back,



He finally reached the tent where Umme Rubab was standing. "Rubab, come and take your Ali Asghar. Rubab, your little soldier has died for the sake of Allah."

Umme Rubab took her little child, Ali Asghar. She hugged him and cried her heart out.

"Come with me Rubab. Enough, Rubab, enough. Let us bury our baby Asghar"

Husain (a.s.) and Umme Rubab walked to the back of the tents.

Husain (a.s.) dug a small grave with his sword, the Zulfiquar.

Umme Rubab placed Ali Asghar in the small grave.

My fellow Husaini why should we not cry tonight? Why should we not do matam tonight?

Have we ever heard of any other father and mother digging a grave and burying their own child?

Where can Husain (a.s.) get water to sprinkle on Ali Asghar's grave? There is no water to sprinkle on Ali Asghar's grave.

Husain (a.s.) sat by the grave crying.

Tears poured on the grave. Ali Asghar's grave was sprinkled with Husain's tears.

Friday, December 14, 2012

40 Ahadith Regarding Azadari

Hadith No.1
The Heat of Husaini Love
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said:
Surely, there exists in the hearts of the Mu' mineen, with respect to the martyrdom of Husain (A.S.), a heat that never subsides.
Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 10, pg. 318

Hadith No.2
A'ashura- A Day of Grief
Imam Reza (A.S.) said:
The one for whom the day of A'shura is a day of tragedy, grief and weeping, Allah The Mighty, The Glorious, shall make the Day of Judgment, a day of joy and happiness for him.
Bihar al-Anwar, vol,: 44,pg: 284

Hadith No.3
Muharram - The Month of Mourning
Imam Reza (A.S.) said:
With the advent of the month of Muharram, my father Imam Kazim (A.S.) would never be seen laughing; gloom and sadness would overcome him for (the first) ten days of the month; and when the tenth day of the month would dawn, it would be a day of tragedy, grief and weeping for him.
Amaali Saduq, pg, 111

Hadith No.4
Laughing Eyes
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said:
O' Fatimah! Every eye shall be weeping on the Day of Judgment except the eye which has shed tears over the tragedy of Husain (A.S.) for surely, that eye shall be laughing and shall be given the glad tidings of the bounties and comforts of Paradise.
Bihar al-Anwar, vol,: 44;pg,:293.

Hadith No. 5
Reward of the Martyred Companions
Imam Reza (A.S.) said (to one of his companions):
If you desire that for you be the reward equivalent to that of those martyred along with Husain (A.S.), then whenever you remember him say: 'Oh! Would that I had been with them! A great achievement would I have achieved'.
Wasaail al-Shia'h, vol.14, pg. 502

Hadith No. 6
The Customary Mourning
Abu Haroon al-Makfoof said:
I presented myself before Imam Sadiq (A.S.) whereupon he said to me: "Recite for me a poetry" and so I recited for him. He said "Not in this manner. Recite for me as you recite poems and elegies over the grave of Husain (A.S.)" and so I recited for him (again).
Bihar al-Anwar,Vol.:44, pg.: 287.

Hadith No.7
Reward for Reciting Poetry about Husain (A.S.)
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
There is none who recites poetry about Husain (A.S.) and weeps and makes others weep by means of it, except that Allah makes Paradise incumbent upon him and forgives his sins.
Rijal al-Shaikh al-Tusi, pg.: 289.

Hadith No.8
People of Eulogies and Elegies
Imam Sadiq(A.S.)said:
All praise is for Allah, who has placed amongst the people, those who arrive in our presence, eulogizing us and reciting elegies about us.
Wasail al-Shia'h Vol.: 10, pg.: 469

Hadith No. 9
Poetry Recitation During the Period of Mourning
Imam Reza (A.S.) said (to De'bil, a poet sincereiy devoted to the Ahlul bayt):
I desire that you recite for me poetry, for surely, these days (of the month of Muharram) are the days of grief and sorrow, which have passed over us, Ahlul Bayt.
Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 10, pg. 386.

Hadith No. 10
Shi'ites- The Companions and Associates
Imam Ali (A.S.) said:
Surely, Allah has chosen for us followers (Shi'ites), who assist us and are happy at our happiness and are sad in our sadness.
Ghurar al-Hikam, Vol: 1/ pg.: 235.

Hadith No. 11
Paradise - The Recompense of A'zadari
Imam 'Ali Ibn al-Husain(A.S) used to say:
Every Mu'min, whose eyes shed tears upon the killing of Husain Ibn' Ali(A.S.) and his companions, such that the tears roll down his cheeks, Allah shall accommodate him in the elevated rooms of paradise.
Yannaabe' al-Mawaddah, pg.: 429.

Hadith No.12
In Remembrance of the Children of Fatimah (A.S.)
Imam Sajjad(A.S.) said:
Surely, I have never brought to mind the martyrdom of the children of Fatimah (A.S.) except that I have been choked with tears due to it.
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 46, Pg.: 109.

Hadith No. 13
Mourning in the Houses
For those unable to go for the ziarat of Imam Husain (A.S.) on the day of A'shura, Imam Baqir (A.S.) mentions the manner of performing A'zadari as follows: He should mourn over Husain (A.S.), weep for him and instruct the members of the house to weep for him. He should establish the mourning ceremony in the house by exhibiting lamentions and grief over him; the people should meet one another in their homes and offer condolences and consolations to each other over the calamities which befell him.
Kaamil al-Ziyaraat, Pg.: 175.

Hadith No. 14
Ali (A.S.) Weeps Grieving the Martyrs of Karbala
Imam Baqir (A.S.) said:
Amirul Mu'mineen Ali(A.S.), along with two of his companions, happened to pass by Karbala and as he did so, tears filled his eyes. He said (to them), "This is the resting place of their animals; and this is where their luggage shall be laid down; and it is here that their blood shall be shed. Blessed are you O' Earth, that the blood of the beloved shall be spilled upon you."
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 44, pg.: 258

Hadith No. 15
Tears - Barrier of Hell
Imam Baqir (A.S.) said:
He who remembers us, or in whose presence, we are remembered, and (as a result) tears flow from his eyes, even though they may be in the measure of a wing of a mosquito, Allah shall construct for him a house in paradise and make the tears a barrier between him and the fire (of hell).
Al-Ghadeer, Vol.: 2, pg.: 202

Hadith No. 16
Twenty Years of Weeping!
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
As for A'li Ibn al-Husain (A.S.), he cried over Husain (A.S.) for twenty years (after the tragedy of Karbala); never would any food be placed before him except that he would begin to weep.
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 46, Pg.: 108

Hadith No. 17
The Etiquette of Mourning
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
When Ibrahim, the son of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) died, tears filled the eyes of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), whereupon he said, "The eyes are tearful and the heart is anguished (but) we shall not say anything which shall anger the Lord. Surely we, O' Ibrahim, are grief-stricken for you"
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 22,Pg.: 157.

Hadith No. 18
Tearful Eyes
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
He in whose presence we (and our miseries) are mentioned and, as a result, his eyes pour out tears, Allah shall make his face forbidden upon the fire of hell.
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 44, Pg., 285.

Hadith No. 19
Husaini Gatherings
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said to Fudhail:
Do you sit together, talk and discuss amongst yourselves?
Fudhail replied: Yes.
The Imam then said: I approve of these sittings. So keep our 'issue' (Imamate) alive. May Allah exhibit mercy on those who revive our issue and mission!
Wasail al-Shia'h, vol.:10, Pg.: 392

Hadith No. 20
Invaluable Tears
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said (to Masma', one of those who mourned over Imam Husain (A.S.)):
May Allah have mercy upon your tears! Do know that you are regarded as being of those who are deeply concerned about us and of those who are happy at our happiness and aggrieved at our sorrow.
Do know that you shall witness the presence of my fathers near you at the time of your death.
Wasail al-Shia'h, Vol.: 10, Pg.:397
Hadith No. 21
Scalded Hearts
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) (while sitting on the prayer mat prayed for the mourners and those going for the ziarat of the Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) as follows):
O' Lord, have mercy upon those eyes, which have shed tears in compassion for us; and upon those hearts, which have been restless and blistered for us; and upon those wailings, which have been for us.
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.:98, Pg.:8.

Hadith No. 22
Tears over the Oppressed State of the Shi'ites
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
He whose eyes shed tears for our blood which has been shed, or for our rights which have been usurped, or for the humiliation meted out to us or to one of our Shiites, Allah shall accomodate him in paradise for a long time.
Amali al-Shaikh al-Mufid, Pg.: 175.

Hadith No. 23
Weeping of the Sky
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
O' Zurarah! The sky had cried for forty days over (the martyrdom of) Husain (A.S.)
Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 1, pg. 391

Hadith No. 24
Prophet (S.A.W.) and Weeping over the Martyrs
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
After the news of the martyrdom of Ja'far Ibn Abi Talib (A.S.) and Zaid Ibn Harithah reached the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), whenever he he entered his house, he would weep profusely for them and say:'' They used to converse with me and were intimate with me and (now) both of them have departed together''.
Man La Yahdhuruhu al-Faqih, Vol.: 1, pg.: 177.

Hadith No. 25
Sympathy for Ahlubayt
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
The breath of one who is aggrieved upon the injustice and oppression subjected to us, is tasbeeh (glorification of Allah), and his concealing our secrets, is jihad in the path of Allah.
The Imam (A.S.) them added: This tradition ought to be written in gold.
Amali al-Shaikh al-Mufid, pg.: 338.

Hadith No. 26
Mourning Angels
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
Allah has appointed to the grave of Imam Husain (A.S.), four thousand anguished and grief-stricken angels, who weep over him (and shall continue to do so) up to the Day of Judgment.
Kamil al-Ziyaraat, pg.: 119.

Hadith No. 27
Weeping over Husain (A.S.)
Imam Reza (A.S.) said (to Reyyan Ibn Shabib):
O' Son of Shabib! If you have to cry over something, then do so over Husain Ibn 'Ali (A.S.) for surely, he was slaughtered in the manner in which a ram is slaughtered.
Bihar al-Anwar/ Vol.: 44/ pg.: 286.

Hadith No.28
Gatherings in Remembrance of the Imams
Imam Reza (A.S.) said:
He who sits in a gathering in which our affairs (and our path and aims) are discussed and revived; his heart shall not die on the day (Day of Judgment) when hearts shall die (of fear).
Bihar al-Anwar Vol.: 44, pg.:278

Hadith No. 29
Benefits of Weeping over Husain (A.S.)
Imam Reza (A.S.) said:
Those who weep should weep over the likes of Husain (A.S.) for surely, weeping over him does away with one's great sins.
Bihar al-Anwar, Vol.: 44/ pg.: 284.

Hadith No. 30
Forgiveness of Sins
Imam Reza (A.S.) said:
O' Son of Shabib! Should you weep for Husain (A.S.) in the measure that tears roll down your cheeks, Allah would forgive all the sins committed by you, whether they be the great sins or the small sins and whether they be meagre or immense.
Amaali al-Saduq, pg.:112.

Hadith No. 31
Intimacy with the Progeny
Imam Reza (A.S.) said (to Ibn Shabib):
O' Son of Shabib! If it makes you happy (and you desire) to be with us in the elevated ranks of paradise, then be sad in our grief and happy at our happiness.
Wasaail al-Shia'h, Vol. 14, pg. 502

Hadith No. 32
Day of Ashura
Imam Reza (A.S.) said:
One who refrains from seeking his (worldly) desires on the day of Ashura, Allah shall grant him his desires of this world and the hereafter.
Wasail al-Shia'h, vol. 14, pg.504.

Hadith No. 33
Pilgrim of Husain (A.S.)
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
The zaair (pilgrim) of Imam Husain (A.S.) turns back (from his pilgrimage) such that not a single sin remains upon him.
Wasail al-shia'h, vol. 14, pg. 422.

Hadith No. 34
Husain (A.S.) Seeks Forgiveness for his Pilgrims
(Regarding someone who goes for pilgrimage to the shrine of Imam Husain (A.S.), Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
One who weeps for Imam Husain (A.S.), surely, the Imam (A.S.) observes him and seeks forgiveness for him and requests his holy fathers to (also) seek forgiveness for him.
Bihar al-Anwar vol. 44, pg. 281

Hadith No. 35
Intercession on the Day of Judgment
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) (said to Hadrat Fatimah (A.S.): On the Day of Judgment, you shall intercede for the ladies and I shall intercede for the men; every person who has wept over the tragedy of Husain (A.S.), we shall take him by the hand and lead him into Paradise.
Bihar al-Anwar vol. 44, pg. 292.

Hadith No.36
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) on Day of Ashura
A'bdullah Ibn Sinaan says:
I arrived in the presence of my master, Imam Sadiq (A.S.) on the day of Ashura and found him pale and grief-stricken, with tears streaming from his eyes like falling pearls.
Musadrak al-wasail, vol.6, pg. 279.

Hadith No.37
Neither Angels nor Prophets
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said:
(On the Day of Judgment, a group would be seen in the most excellent and honorable of states. They would be asked if they were of the Angels or of the Prophets. In reply they would state): "We are neither Angels nor Prophets but of the indigent ones from the ummah of Muhammad (S.A.W.)". They would then be asked: "How then did you achieve this lofty and honorable status?" They would reply: "We did not perform very many good deeds nor did we pass all the days in a state of fasting or all the nights in a state of worship but yes, we used to offer our (daily) prayers (regularly) and whenever we used to hear the mention of Muhammad (S.A.W.), tears would roll down our cheeks".
Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 10, pg. 318.

Hadith No. 38
Visiting the Shrine of Imam Husain (A.S.)
Imam Sadiq (A.S.) said:
He (Imam Husain) sees those, who come to his shrine and he knows them by their names, their father's names and their ranks in the eyes of Allah, The Glorious, better than you know your own children!
Wasaail al-Shia'h, vol. 14, pg. 422.

Hadith No. 39
Isa (Jesus) (A.S.) weeps
Imam A'li (A.S.) said to Ibn A'bbas:
(Once when he happened to pass by Karbala), Isa Jesus (A.S.) sat down and began to weep. His disciples who were observing him, followed suit and began weeping too, but not comprehending the reason for this behavior, they asked him:"O' Spirit of God! What is it that makes you weep?" Isa Jesus (A.S.) said: "Do you know what land this is?" The disciples replied: "No." He then said: "This is the land on which the son of the Prophet Ahmad (S.A.W.) shall be killed.
Bihar al-Anwar vol. 44, pg. 252.

Hadith No. 40
All Creatures Weep over Imam Husain (A.S.)
Abu Baseer narrates that Imam Baqir (A.S.) said:
The humans, the jinn, the birds and the wild beasts (all) mourned and wept over (the tragedy which befell) Husain Ibn A'li (A.S.)
Kaamil al-Ziyaraat, Pg. 79.

˙·٠•●  اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وعَجِّلْ فَرَجَهُمْ  ●•٠·˙

Wednesday, August 1, 2012

Imam Hasan Al-Mujtaba (a.s.)

Imam Hasan (a.s.)

Name :
Hasan (a.s.) - the 2nd Holy Imam
Title :
Agnomen :
Father :
Imam Ali (a.s.) - the 1st Holy Imam
Mother :
Bibi Fatima Az-Zahra (s.a.) bint-e-Mohammad Rasool-Allah(saww)
Birth :
At Madina on 15th of Ramzan 3 AH (624 AD)
Death :
In Madina at age 47, on 28th of Safar 50 AH (670 AD)
Cause of Death/Burial :
Martyred by means of poison and buried in the cemetery of Baqi in Madina.

The Imam after the Commander of the faithful Imam Ali (a.s.), was his son al-Hasan, the son of the mistress of the women of the worlds, Janab-e-Fatima Zahra (s.a.), daughter of Muhammad (s.a.w.w.), the Lord of messengers, may God bless him and his pure family. (Al-Hasan's) kunya was Abu Muhammad. He was born in Medina, on the night of the middle day of the month of Ramadan, three years after the hijra (624).

His mother, Fatima (s.a.), brought him to the Prophet, may God bless him and his family, on the seventh day in a silken shawl from Heaven, which Gabriel had brought down to the Prophet, may God bless him and his family. He named him Hasan and sacrificed a ram for him (in the ceremony of aqiqa).
The birth of Imam Hasan Mujtaba (as), the 2nd infallible successor of Prophet Mohammad (saww) was a very sweet and pleasant occasion. It was a joyful event for the blessed family, since Imam Hasan (as) was the first grandson of the Prophet, and certainly a gift from God.

It is matter of regret that many aspects of Imam Hasan’s (as) dynamic personality still remain unknown because of the ignorance of some people who have actually oppressed him. However, his merits have continued to shine more brilliantly as time goes by.

Imam Hasan’s policies were identical to that of his father Imam Ali (as), the first infallible successor of Prophet Mohammad (saww). His authority was also like that of Imam Ali (as). Imam Hasan Mujtaba (as) could also be called “the son of the battlefield” - in the struggle against oppression and injustice.
As a matter of fact, Imam Hasan (as) paved the ground for the immortal epic of Ashura and ensured the righteousness of Imamate (divinely decreed leadership) in the Prophet"s blessed household.
The name of Imam Mujtaba (as) is a very great and endeared name. We should bear in mind that it was the policies of Imam Hasan (as) that ripped apart the mask of hypocrisy from certain faces.
The Treaty with the rebel Mu’awiyah (l.a.) and the conditions he set (for relinquishing the caliphate) was indeed a Divine Plan. He is thus one of our Great Leaders and serves as our spiritual and political role model.

Imam Hasan Mujtaba (as) is indeed a source of blessings and munificence. He is truly a Chosen of God.
Imam Hasan’s (as) bravery is unique among all the other Imams.
During his days, he was faced with only two options: martyrdom or life. He thus made the most difficult choice, and continues to live forever.

His Burial
Sibt b. al-Jawzi reported on the authority of b. Sa'd on the authority of al-Waqidi, who said: "When Imam Hasan(a.s.) was about to die, he said: `Bury me beside my father.' He meant the Apostle of Allah (saww). However, banu (the sons of) Umayya and Marwan b. al-Hakam and Said b. al-As, who was the governor over Medina, prevented him." Ibn Sa'd said: "Among them was `A'isha (l.a.), who said: `No one is buried beside the Apostle of Allah.'

Abu al-Faraj al-Amawi al-Isfahani reported on the authority of Yahya b. Imam Hasan (a.s.), who said: "I heard Ali b. Tahir b. Zayd say: `When they wanted to bury Imam Hasan (a.s.), she (`A'isha) mounted a mule and asked the help of banu (the sons of) Umayya, Marwan, those who were there from them (banu Umayya) and from their servants. So someone said: `One day (she was) on a mule, and one day (she was) on a camel.'"

Al-Mas'udi has mentioned that `A'isha mounted a gray mule and led the Umayyads to declare a second battle against the members of the House (Ahl al-Bayt(a.s.)). He (al-Mas'udi) said: "So al-Qasim b. Muhammad b. Abu Bakr came to her (`A'isha) and said: `Aunt, we, have not washed our heads since the Battle of the Camel. Do you want people to call this day the Battle of the Gray Mule?' So she came back."

Many people gathered together with Imam Husain (a.s.) and said to him: "Leave us with the children of Marwan. By Allah (swt), they are, with us, nothing but an itching of the head." Imam Hussain(a.s.) said: `By Allah (swt), if there had been no injunction to me from Imam Hasan (a.s.) to prevent bloodshed and that I should not even pour blood into a cupping-glass in (carrying out) his command, you would have known how the swords of Allah (swt) would have taken their toll from you. You have broken the agreement which was made between you and us. You have ignored the conditions which we made with you for ourselves." Here Imam Husain (a.s.) reminded them of the conditions of the Peace Treaty.

Then they went on with (the body of) Imam Hasan (a.s.) and they buried him in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi beside his grandmother, Fatima bint-e-Asad (a.s.) bin Hashim bin Abd Manaf.

In his book `al-Isaba', Ahmad Shahab al-Din al-`Asqalani said: Dawud b. Sinan informed us: Tha'laba b. Abu Malik told us: "I (Tha'laba b. Abu Malik) saw Imam Hasan (a.s.) on the day when he died and was buried in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi`. I saw that if a needle had been thrown away in (the cemetery of) al-Baqi`, it (the needle) would have not fallen but on the head of a person."

Monday, July 23, 2012

Reward of one who fasts during the month of Ramadan knowing its Greatness

Reward of one who fasts during the month of Ramadan knowing its Greatness

On page 96 of Thawab al-A'mal wa 'Iqab al- A'mal, and also on page 48 of his book Al-Amali (or pp. 29-32 of old editions), Shaikh Abu Ja'fer Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Husain ibn Babawayh al-Qummi al-Saduq (306-381 A.H.) quotes Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim al-Ma'athi saying that Ahmed ibn Jaylawayh al-Jurjani al- Muthakkar] quotes Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Bilal quoting Abu Muhammad quoting Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Kiram quoting Ahmed ibn Abdullah quoting Sufyan ibn 'Ayeenah quoting Mu'awiya ibn Abu Ishaq quoting Sa'eed ibn Jubayr saying,
I asked Ibn Abbas once about the reward of one who fasts during the month of Ramadan knowing its greatness. He said: 'O Ibn Jubayr! Get ready to listen to what your ears have never heard before, nor your heart has ever experienced, nor your soul has ever reckoned regarding that about which you have inquired! What you are seeking is the knowledge of the first generations and the last!
So I left him and prepared myself to meet him again. I returned to him at early daybreak. Having said the fajr prayers (together), I reminded him of the tradition which I had sought, so he turned his face to me and said,

Listen carefully to what I am going to tell you. I have heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.w.) saying:
'Had you ever come to know about your rewards during the month of Ramadan, you would surely have thanked the Almighty a great deal more (than you usually do). When the first night is over, Allah, the Almighty and the Exalted One, forgives the sins committed by all members of my nation, the ones committed in secrecy and the ones committed in public, and He elevates your status two thousand degrees and builds you fifty towns in Paradise.
On the next day, He rewards you for every step you take during that day with the rewards of one who adored Him for a full year and the reward of one of His prophets, and He will reward you as though you had performed the fast for a full year.
On the third day, the Exalted and Dear One grants you a dome in Paradise for each hair on your body, a dome of a white pearl on top of which are twelve thousand light houses and at the bottom of which are twelve thousand houses in each one of which there are one thousand beds and on each bed of which there is a nymph (huri) with large lovely eyes, each served by one thousand servants the head-covering of each one of them is better than this world and everything in it.
On the fifth day, He builds you in Paradise a million cities in each one of which there are seventy thousand houses, inside each one of which there are seventy thousand tables, and on each table there are seventy thousand bowls, and in each bowl there are sixty thousand types of food each one of which is different from the other.
On the sixth day, He will grant you in the Abode of Peace a hundred thousand towns in each one of which there are a hundred thousand rooms, in each room there are a hundred thousand beds of gold the length of each is a thousand yards, and on each bed is a hun wife with large lovely eyes whose hair has thirty thousand locks braided with pearls and sapphires, and each lock is carried by a hundred concubines.
On the seventh day, the Almighty grants you in the Garden of Bliss the rewards of forty thousand martyrs and forty thousand siddeeqs.
On the eighth day, Allah Almighty grants you the rewards of the good deeds of sixty thousand worshippers and sixty thousand ascetics.
On the ninth day, Allah, the Exalted One, gives you what is equal to what He gives a thousand scholars and a thousand devotees and a thousand warriors fighting for Allah in a foreign land.
On the tenth day, He gives you the fulfillment of seventy thousand of your worldly wishes and orders the sun, the moon, the stars, the animals, the birds, the beasts, every rock and every rain-drop, everything wet and everything dry, all fish in the oceans and all leaves on the trees, to pray for your forgiveness.
On the eleventh day, the Exalted and Mighty One grants you the rewards whereby He rewards one who performs the pilgrimage and 'umra four times and one who performs the pilgrimage with His prophets and the 'umra with every siddeeq or martyr.
On the twelfth day, He takes upon Himself to replace your sins with good deeds, then He multiplies your good deeds many times and gives you the rewards of each of your good deeds a million times.
On the thirteenth day, Allah Almighty grants you what He grants the devotees of Mecca and Medina and bestows upon you an intercession for each and every stone and rain drop between Mecca and Medina. On the fourteenth day, He treats you as though you had met and followed in the footsteps of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David and Solomon [peace be upon all of them], and as though you had worshipped the Almighty Allah in the company of His prophets for two hundred years.
On the fifteenth day, He fulfills ten of your worldly wishes and those of the hereafter and grants you what He granted Job (as), then He orders the angels who bear the 'Arsh to pray for your forgiveness and grants you on the Day of Resurrection forty lights: ten on your right, ten on your left, ten before you and ten behind you.
On the sixteenth day, the Almighty grants you sixty outfits to wear as soon as you abandon your grave and a she-camel to ride, and He will send a cloud to overshadow you to protect you from the heat of that Day.
On the seventeenth day, the Almighty Allah says: 'I have forgiven them and their parents and exempted them from having to undergo the hardships of the Day of Resurrection.'
On the eighteenth day, the Praised and Exalted One orders Gabriel, Michael and Israfil as well as the angels who bear the 'Arsh and all archangels to seek forgiveness for the nation of Muhammad (pbuh) till the next year, and He will also grant you on the Day of Resurrection whatever rewards He grants to those who participated in the Battle of Badr].
On the nineteenth day, all angels in the heavens and on earth will have already sought permission of their Lord to visit your graves and to bring you every day a present and a drink [as long as you remain in the barzakh]. So, if you complete your fast for twenty full days, the Almighty Allah sends you seventy thousand angels to protect you from every accursed devil, and He will have granted you for each day of your fast your rewards as though you fasted a hundred years, and He will set a ditch between you and hell and grant you the rewards of all those who recited the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms and the Holy Qur'an, and will write for you for each feather on Gabriel the reward of a full year and will grant you the rewards of those who glorify Him at the 'Arsh and Kursi and will marry you to a thousand nymphs for each of the verses of the Qur'an.
On the twenty-first day, the Almighty expands your grave a thousand parasangs and lifts the darkness and loneliness of your graves and makes your graves look like the graves of the martyrs and your faces like the face of Joseph son of Jacob (as).
On the twenty second day, the Almighty dispatches the angel of death as He dispatches him to His prophets to remove your worldly worries and the torment of the hereafter.
On the twenty third day, you will pass on the Straight Path in the company of the prophets, the first to follow the prophets, and the martyrs, as if you had fed each orphan and clothed everyone who needed to be clothed.
On the twenty-fourth day, you will not leave this life before each one of you sees the place reserved for him or her in Paradise and is given the rewards of a thousand sick and a thousand who go back to their creed and will grant you the rewards of one who freed a thousand captives from the descendants of Ishmael (as).
On the twenty-fifth day, Allah will have built you under His 'Arsh a thousand green domes on top of each one of which is a tent of light. The Almighty and Exalted One will then say: 'O followers of Muhammad! I am your Lord and you are My servants! Enjoy the shade of My 'Arsh in these domes and eat and drink with enjoyment, for there will be no fear on you, nor will you grieve. O nation of Muhammad! By My Dignity and Greatness! I shall dispatch you to Paradise in a way which will amaze the first generations and the last, and I shall crown each one of you with a thousand light crowns, and I shall provide for each one of you a she camel whose reins are made of light, and in it are a thousand gold rings, in each is an angel looking after it, in the hand of each angel is a light rod so that he may enter Paradise without a reckoning.' And
On the twenty sixth day, Allah will look at you with compassion and will forgive all your sins except those of shedding innocent blood or robbing people's wealth, and He will grant you every day a thousand barriers against backbiting, lying and slandering.
On the twenty-seventh day, He will consider you as though you had aided every believing man and woman and clothed seventy thousand naked persons and equipped a thousand soldiers to camp in a foreign land to defend Islam, and as if you have recited every book Allah has revealed to His prophets. On the twenty-eighth day, Allah will have built you in Paradise a hundred thousand light cities and granted you in the garden of bliss a hundred thousand silver mansions and a hundred thousand cities in each one of which there are a thousand rooms, and granted you in the garden of greatness a hundred thousand pulpits of musk inside each one of which there is a thousand saffron houses in each one of which there are a thousand beds of pearls and sapphires and on each bed a wife of the huns with large lovely eyes. So if you complete your fast till the twenty ninth day, the Almighty Allah will grant you a million quarters, inside each quarter is a white dome underneath which is a white camphor bed on which there are a thousand mattresses of green silk on each one of which there is a hun decorated with seventy thousand ornaments and crowned with eighty thousand locks each one of which is decorated with diamonds and sapphires. So if you finish thirty complete days of fast, the Almighty will have granted you for each day the rewards of a thousand martyrs and a thousand foremost believers in His Prophets, and He will have assigned for you the rewards of fifty years of adoration, and He will have decreed a clearance for you from hell and a passage on the Straight Path and a security against the torment. One of the gates of Paradise is called al-Rayyan, and it shall never be opened before the Day of Resurrection. It will be opened for those among the nation of Muhammad (pbuh) who performed the fast. Ridwan, custodian of Paradise, will call out saying: 'O followers of Muhammad! Come to the al-Rayyan gate!' So he will let my nation enter Paradise through that gate. Therefore, if one is not forgiven during the month of Ramadan, in which month can he be forgiven? There is neither will nor strength except from Allah; Allah suffices us, and what a great Helper He is!

This lengthy tradition is also recorded on pp. 183-185, Vol. 8, of Bihar al-Anwar.    

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